Policy Studies /
Papers / Reports

Democratic Change and Urbanisation in the Aftermath of the Arab Revolts: Euro-Mediterranean Cultural Cooperation in Local Urban Development in Morocco and Tunisia
  • Paper

Democratic Change and Urbanisation in the Aftermath of the Arab Revolts: Euro-Mediterranean Cultural Cooperation in Local Urban Development in Morocco and Tunisia

In its response to the Arab revolts, the EU only engaged marginally with their urban causes, and above all from a technical rather than political perspective. Euro-Mediterranean cultural cooperation programmes were an exception.

15 July 2020
The Shaping of Anti-Democratic Discourses and What to Do About It
  • Paper

The Shaping of Anti-Democratic Discourses and What to Do About It

The securitisation of the EU’s approach towards its Southern Neighbourhood put on the back burner other important issues such as state reform and socioeconomic development.

14 November 2019
The Contribution of Local and Regional Authorities to Regional Integration in the Mediterranean
  • Report

The Contribution of Local and Regional Authorities to Regional Integration in the Mediterranean

The study examines how local and regional authorities (LRAs) can contribute to regional integration of Mediterranean countries, in particular in the field of trade, infrastructure, governance, labour mobility, research and innovation and higher educa...

10 September 2019
The New-Old Elites and their Relations with the EU: The Cases of Egypt and Tunisia
  • Paper

The New-Old Elites and their Relations with the EU: The Cases of Egypt and Tunisia

Tunisia and Egypt are two countries that have experienced the fall of longstanding authoritarian leaders. Transitions in both countries then took entirely different directions.

16 April 2019
Future of Syria
  • Policy Study

Future of Syria

Projecting a government structure for post-conflict Syria is a cumbersome task. Post-conflict Syria would have to deal with issues such as reconciliation, protection of minorities, security sector reform and reconstruction and development.

10 April 2017
Transformation in Tunisia: The First Five Years
  • Policy Study

Transformation in Tunisia: The First Five Years

Over the past six years, Tunisia has been testing new avenues of political order. The transition features several elements of hybridity and fragility, remaining a work in progress and producing a significant number of uncertainties.

9 January 2017
The Arab Transitions in a Changing World. Building Democracies in Light of International Experiences
  • Policy Study

The Arab Transitions in a Changing World. Building Democracies in Light of International Experiences

The outbreak of the Arab uprisings led most of us to think that we were witnessing the fourth or the late third wave of democratization. However, the developments in the southern Mediterranean region contradict the transition paradigm.

9 May 2016
The State of Arab Statehood Reflections on Failure, Resilience and Collapse
  • Paper

The State of Arab Statehood Reflections on Failure, Resilience and Collapse

State failure triggered the upheaval known as the Arab Spring. The increasing number of Arab states on the brink of collapse and the rising phenomenon of fragmented central state authority invite to revisit – and relaunch – the ‘Arab state deba...

14 September 2015
The Tunisian Transition: Torn Between Democratic Consolidation and Neo-Conservatism in an Insecure Regional Context
  • Paper

The Tunisian Transition: Torn Between Democratic Consolidation and Neo-Conservatism in an Insecure Regional Context

The Tunisian transition is a very particular and unique case, and not a “model”. Compared to other states in the MENA region, it is the only country where a comprehensive process of democratic consolidation is taking place so far.

19 August 2015
Winning to Lose: The State´s Unsustainable Counterrevolutionary Comeback in Egypt
  • Paper

Winning to Lose: The State´s Unsustainable Counterrevolutionary Comeback in Egypt

The 2011 revolution brought the opportunity to challenge the state´s model of governance but three years later many argue that the Egyptian state has succeeded to absorb the revolutionary shocks and has ensured a successful comeback.

18 September 2014
Demands of the Egyptian Revolution and the Newly-Emerging Actors
  • Paper

Demands of the Egyptian Revolution and the Newly-Emerging Actors

This paper analyses the commitment of the political actors to the implementation of the revolutionary demands and observes that they have gradually abandoned the most popular issues.

12 February 2014
Turkey and the Arab Spring: Embracing “People’s Power”
  • Paper

Turkey and the Arab Spring: Embracing “People’s Power”

This paper explores the new emphasis on Turkish foreign policy brought about by the Arab Spring and its possible ramifications for Turkey’s relations with external actors.

20 March 2012