Between terrorism, exogenous and endogenous pressures

20 October 2022 | | English


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The article tackles border control policies in Egypt, focusing on the Rafah border, possibly one of the most complex in the region and also in the entire world. Furthermore, I analyze the possible relation between the control of this border and terrorism in Sinai during different ruling regimes in Egypt ‒ Mubarak, Morsi and Al Sisi ‒ filling a crucial gap in the literature.

This has been based on qualitative methodology, using case selection to identify major terrorist attacks during the different ruling regimes, and analyzing primary and secondary documents, jointly with expert interviews, to examine the decisions taken by different actors and reveal the inter-subjective reasoning behind each reaction in terms of border control. 

The results show that, surprisingly, all the different regimes analyzed took very similar paths of the adversarial approach. Also, despite the supposed relevance of terrorist attacks for border control, exogenous and endogenous pressures play a major role in shaping the border policies.

This is the 3rd Best Final Master’s Dissertation Award of Program Aula Mediterrània 2019-2020.

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