Europe/Mediterranean: Strategic Challenges and a Ray of Light!5 December 2023- 6 June 2012. From 18:00 | Conference
Almost a year after its inception, we cannot yet predict the extent of the Arab uprisings on the management of migration in the Mediterranean. However, it must be borne in mind that the drivers of the riots also affect migratory processes, and therefore also opens a stage of change that can affect migration policies.
Thus, the lack of a decent professional horizon has made emigration, especially among young people, a structural factor in the labor markets of the southern Mediterranean countries. Also, the countries of North Africa, as a space for transit migrations from the south of the continent, were key in containing these migratory flows, which were often the source of irregular immigration traffic to Europe. These migrations had become a political resource for the governments of the southern Mediterranean countries. A tactical element used in setting the political and cooperation agenda.
The current political transition should make it possible to develop economies capable of generating future expectations that affect the decision to emigrate, while, in terms of transit migration, the border management of states in the process of democratization should ensure improved mobility in the region.
Omar Benbekhti, Professor at the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Oran, closes this series of lectures “Comparative Migrations Policy in the Mediterranean: managing migration in a changing region” organized by the IEMed as a complementary activity to the Master in Management of the Immigration from Pompeu Fabra University.